The purpose of the Cyber Related Offending Special Operation (CROSO) Determination was approved by the Australian Criminal Intelligence Commission (ACIC) Board in June 2017 and has multiple purposes as outlined below.
- Collect and analyse criminal information and intelligence relating to cyber related offending (CRO) activity and disseminate that information in accordance with the Australian Crime Commission Act 2002 (ACC Act).
- Identify entities involved in CRO activity and the nature of their involvement and refer this information to ACIC partners.
- Reduce the incidence and effect of CRO activity by disrupting and/or preventing the activity.
- Assist markets, sectors, infrastructure and capabilities exploited by CRO activity to be more resilient.
- Provide intelligence about CRO activity to inform the ACIC Board.
- Make appropriate recommendations to the ACIC Board about investigative responses to firearm trafficking activity that the ACIC, its associated task forces or other bodies could undertake.
- Make appropriate recommendations to the ACIC Board about reforming:
- the law relating to CRO offences
- policies, administrative practices, and the administration of the courts, in relation to trials of CRO offences.
- Investigate CRO activity, collect evidence, and facilitate the apprehension and, if appropriate, the prosecution of entities involved.
Cyber related offences (CRO) present a significant threat to Australians. A wide variety of offences, including identity crime, computer hacking, online money laundering, computer facilitated crime, phishing, botnets, and invasions directed at private and national infrastructure all come under the CRO banner.
CRO activity is resilient to traditional law enforcement investigations and requires a collaborative approach with ACIC partners. This approach includes the following actions:
- Develop more comprehensive intelligence about the nature and extent of serious and organised crime.
- Prevent, disrupt, disable and dismantle serious and organised crime enterprises, through enforcement, regulation, policy and other actions.
- Enhance collaboration with international and private sector bodies.
- Use the coercive powers of the ACIC to facilitate collection of information and intelligence about serious and organised crime, not available through other information collection methods.