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Crime types

Organised crime is now a part of the every day lives of Australians in ways that are unprecedented. The Australian Criminal Intelligence Commission conservatively estimates organised crime to cost Australia A$36 billion annually. 

We create a national intelligence picture of crime, target serious and organised crime, deliver information capability and services to front line policing and law enforcement, and provide crime and justice research to address crime in Australia.

We connect, discover and understand to improve the national ability to respond to crime and criminal justice issues impacting Australia.

Illicit drugs

The illicit drug market is the principle source of profit for organised crime.

For more information, visit the Illicit drugs page.


Fraud can be categorised by the type or industry in which it occurs. The main forms include superannuation fraud, mass marketed fraud, revenue and taxation fraud, financial market fraud, card fraud and identity fraud.

For more information, visit the Fraud page.

Financial crimes

Financial crimes include activities ranging from fraud through to the active manipulation of the stock market, or laundering the proceeds of crime.

For more information, visit the Financial crimes page.

Illicit firearms

Illicit firearms are used to aid criminal activity and strengthen an organised crime group’s market position.

For more information, visit the Illicit firearms page.

Money laundering

Money laundering is the process criminals use to conceal their illicit profits and to avoid authorities prosecuting and convicting them, and confiscating the proceeds of crime.

For more information, view the Money laundering page.


Cybercrime takes two forms; crimes where computers or other information communications technologies are an integral part of an offence (such as online fraud), and crimes directed at computers or other technologies (such as hacking).

For more information, view the Cybercrime page

Identity crime

Identity crime takes many forms, including the theft of personal identity information (including financial information), assuming another person’s identity for fraudulent purposes, and producing false identities and financial documents to enable other crimes.

For more information, view the Identity crime page.

Exploitation of business structures

The criminal exploitation of business structures involves the use of unlawful business practices, and both simple and complex business structures, to conceal the criminal infiltration of an industry.

For more information, view the Exploitation of business structures page.

Public sector corruption

Public sector corruption refers to the misuse of public power or position with an expectation of undue private gain or advantage, for self or others. It may include instances of bribery, embezzlement, fraud, extortion, trading in influence, or perverting the course of justice.

For more information, view the Public sector corruption page.


Organised criminals may use violence to ‘warn off’ competitors in criminal markets, retaliate for previous violent acts or for failure to supply goods, employ stand-over tactics on behalf of other criminal groups, internal group discipline, maintenance of ‘honour’ or status, and extortion to gain money or access to other business activities.

For more information, view the Violence page.

Last updated
22 November 2017